He struggled in his opening-day start.
Carpenter won 15 games last year and was a 21-game winner in 2005, winning the National League Cy Young award. He allowed five runs in six innings in a 6-to-1 loss to the New York Mets on Sunday night.
The team says Carpenter will be evaluated over the next three days.
Carpenter had been slotted to pitch again on Friday.
Instead, Adam Wainwright will pitch Friday in the opener of a three-game series at Houston with Anthony Reyes going Saturday.