The Drought's Affect on Wells...And What Are Aquifers

Extreme drought continues and a few private wells have gone dry in the county side. But city wells are a different story; in fact there is plenty of ground water.

So if water levels are safe in the city then what is the need for more restricts. The answer has a lot to do with the amount of water being used not the water levels.

Water must be pumped from wells into water towers. If water can't be pumped in at the same rate it is taken out, then there is a loss of pressure. And once pressure is lost faucets dry up. So to decrease water usage in Loves Park, residents are only allowed to water their lawns in the early morning hours every other day. But the big question is what will happen if the drought conditions continue.

The answer is nothing for city residents. With wells over 1000 feet deep city residents won’t need to worry about them drying up. But City wells draw water from the same regional aquifer as private wells which are often less than 100 feet deep. So by reducing water usage in the city, not only are we giving a much needed rest to a strained system. We are also saving water for those people who have extremely shallow wells.

You can think of an Aquifer kind of like an underground river. The water that doesn't evaporate or flow into lakes and rivers soaks down deep into the ground. The Stateline is lucky because the entire area sits on top of a large bed rock aquifer between 300 to 500 feet below the surface. Deep aquifers like these are affected very little by a year long drought. But wells that only go less the a hundred feet down...will continue to see significantly lower levels.